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Artificial Insemination

Why Choose Artificial Insemination Over Traditional Breeding?

Artificial insemination (AI) is a safe method of breeding your dog, and is increasingly becoming the chosen method of choice for breeders. It provides so many benefits over and above the traditional methods of breeding – it completely removes the stress and risk of injury associated with natural mating, and provides a much more clinical, clean and streamlined process,for both male and female. It also removes the risk of injury to the handler, and provides a visual guarantee that semen has been administered into the female. It has also been anecdotally reported, that AI results in much larger litters, due to the more controlled nature of the breeding process.

Furthermore, AI removes all the physical barriers of choosing the right male for your female. No longer do you have to put your female through the stress, expense and time it takes to travel to the male – on multiple occasions. Nowadays, it is so much easier to have the owner of the male collect and ship his semen directly to you. This means you can inseminate your female when she is ready, without having to make travel arrangements, or take her away from home. This method also makes it easier to use semen from a dog who is too old or who has passed away, but still may be a viable stud for your dog.

What Are the Types of Artificial Insemination for Dogs?

There are three main types of artificial insemination that are used in dogs.

Surgical Insemination

The first of these is surgical insemination, which is by far the most invasive and dangerous option. It is the best choice for dogs who have fertility issues as well as dogs who may have uterine health problems, and it works best for older semen as well. The dog must be anesthetized for this procedure, and semen is injected into the uterus. It has an almost 100% success rate. In the UK, this procedure can only be carried out by a specialist and certified veterinarian. It is illegal to perform this procedure if you are not a qualified vet.

Transcervical Insemination

The second method is transcervical insemination. This method involves using a small tool to move through the dog’s vagina and cervix, to deposit the semen directly into the uterus. Again, this procedure is only allowed to be carried out by a qualified veterinarian. In the UK, it is illegal to carry out this procedure if you are not a qualified vet. When carried out by a trained and experienced vet, it is a very safe procedure. However, if carried out by an untrained person, there is a sever risk of uterine rupture, or introduction of infection.

Transvaginal Insemination

The most common type of AI in dogs is transvaginal insemination. This method is the easiest – and safest – choice for most dogs. The semen is injected into the vagina of the dog next to the opening of the cervix through the use of a small pipe, known as a catheter, or semen tube. The method does not require the handler to be a veterinarian, and is the only method which is legal to use in the UK, if you are not a vet.

Is Artificial Insemination Safe for Dogs?

Artificial insemination is a safe method of alternative breeding for your dog. There are relatively few health risks associated with artificial insemination for your dog, and those that do exist are not too severe.

How Do You Know Artificial Insemination is Right for Your Dog?

Artificial insemination is right for almost any female, as it carries such strong benefits in reducing the stress and risk of injury associated with natural mating, plus removes any need for her to travel away from the comfort of her home. As with any decisions regarding breeding your female however, it’s imperative to ensure she’s generally fit and healthy, and that you have no general concerns over her ability to carry a pregnancy to full term, or deliver the puppies safely.

It’s also really important to health-test the stud dog, or ask to see a copy of his health and testing results Ensuring the health of both dogs is important before breeding, and it can also help ensure the health of the litter, too.

Finally, make sure you’re ready to breed your dog. Artificial insemination almost always results in a litter, so you want to be sure you’re fully prepared for your dog to be pregnant and give birth to puppies before you go this route. If this is your first time breeding a litter, it’s really important to get good help and advice, and we’d recommend finding a mentor to help guide you through the process.

Ready to Get Started?

If you’re interested in exploring what AI can do for your breeding programme, please  get in touch and we can support you through the process.

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